Senin, 04 April 2016

Belajar Pertanian Organik

Belajar Pertanian Organik

Belajar Pertanian Organik | Organic rural (Organic Farming) is a rural organization with the aim of attack plants and soil healthy by way of soil management and place requisite to wear out organic resources or natural as input, and avoids the wear out of false fertilizers and pesticides excluding pertanian organik in place of resources permitted (IASA, 1990).

Organic products are products (crop / livestock produced through practices with the aim of are ecologically, socially sustainable scaling-down, and the quality is high-quality (nutritional quantity and safety of toxins guaranteed). Therefore, organic rural does not mean immediately leaving the practice of inorganic resources , but besides ought to wage attention to the ways other crops, in place of instance pengemdalian erosion, weeding, fertilizing, nuisance control with organic resources or inorganic permitted. In provisions of socio-economic, remuneration and organic agricultural production ought to be fairly by the manufacturer, traders and consumers (Pierrot, 1991). Organic development besides aims to convalesce the belajar pertanian organik biological cycles, concerning microorganisms, flowers, fauna, soil, retain and enhance soil fruitfulness, convalesce all forms of pollution and consider the effect of broader social ecology.
Farming systems with the aim of did not wear out inorganic substance inputs (unless expressly permitted) but solitary using natural resources in the form of resources or organic nourishment called Absolut Organic Farming Systems. Farming systems using organic resources as single input and the soil serves as a supplement false fertilizers (inorganic chemistry), accompanied by the claim of herbicides and pesticides selectively and rationally Rational called Organic Farming Systems (Fagi and Las, 2007).
Organic products of a organization of organic crop growing in the context of organic rural values mangacu classes in organic rural systems absolute. There are still many in the commune who think with the aim of organic rural is a artifact produced from a crop / soil (product) with the aim of maintain been using / utilizing organic resources in the production process, even if the production organization is still in wear out fertilizers / pesticides inorganic or resolve not join organic values established by IFOAM. This consider needs to be clarified in order not to disappoint the opportunity.

The basic main beliefs of organic crop growing formulated by IFOAM, the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM, 1992) development of organic crops ought to join the necessities - necessities as follows:
1. Environment
Location of the plot ought to be uncontrolled from contamination of man-made resources. Because the organic crop ought to not be adjacent to crop wear out false fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals with the aim of are not permitted. Land with the aim of was tainted (intensification) can be used but it is basic conversions in place of 2 years by management based on the main beliefs of organic rural.
2. Plant Material
Varieties grown-up ought to be adapted well in the regions concerned, and rebuff harmful effect on the natural world.
3. Planting Pattern
The cropping pattern ought to be beached in the main beliefs of soil and stream conservation, environmental friendliness en route for sustainable crop growing
4. Fertilization and place growth controller
Organic material as a nourishment is as follows:
- Derived from the plot or outside in the gardens cultivated organically
- Manure, muck crop residues, organic droppings, straw, mulch other inborn urine, sampak city (compost) and other organic carry some weight as long as it is not tainted with man-made chemicals or toxic substances.

- Artificial fertilizers (mineral)
- Urea, ZA, SP36 / TSP and KCl, ought to not be used
- K2SO4 (potassium sulphate) may well be used a greatest extent of 40 kg / ha; lime, Kieserite, dolomite, phosphate rock may well be used
- All growth controller may well not be used
5. Management of Pest Organisms
- All false pesticides (chemicals) ought to not be used, excluding as permitted and registered by the side of the IFOAM
- Biological pesticide permitted

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