Senin, 04 April 2016

Belajar Pertanian Organik Dengan Cara Sistem Pertanian Organik Terpadu

Belajar Pertanian Organik Dengan Cara Sistem Pertanian Organik Terpadu

Belajar Pertanian Organik Dengan Cara Sistem Pertanian Organik Terpadu | Organic undeveloped (Organic Farming) is a undeveloped routine so as to attack plants and soil healthy by way of soil management and lodge obligatory to work organic supplies or natural as input, and avoids the work of false fertilizers pertanian organik and pesticides but used for supplies tolerable (IASA, 1990).

Organic products are products (crop / livestock produced through practices so as to are ecologically, socially sustainable reduced, and the quality is gain (nutritional respect and safety of toxins guaranteed). Therefore, organic undeveloped does not mean now leaving the practice of inorganic supplies , but and be supposed to earnings attention to the ways other crops, used for case in point pengemdalian erosion, weeding, fertilizing, annoyance control with organic supplies or inorganic permitted. In provisos of socio-economic, settlement and organic agricultural production be supposed to be rightly by the manufacturer, traders and consumers (Pierrot, 1991). Organic gardening and aims to look up the biological cycles, relating microorganisms, plant life, fauna, soil, sustain and enhance soil lushness, look up all forms pertanian organik of pollution and consider the shock of broader social ecology.
Farming systems so as to did not work inorganic element inputs (unless expressly permitted) but no more than using natural supplies in the form of supplies or organic compost called Absolut Organic Farming Systems. Farming systems using organic supplies as lone input and the soil serves as a supplement false fertilizers (inorganic chemistry), accompanied by the appliance of herbicides and pesticides selectively and rationally Rational called Organic Farming Systems (Fagi and Las, 2007).
Organic products of a routine of organic farming in the context of organic undeveloped values mangacu route in organic undeveloped systems absolute. There are still many in the population who think so as to organic undeveloped is a item for consumption produced from a crop / soil (product) so as to contain been using / utilizing organic supplies in the production process, even if the production routine is still in work fertilizers / pesticides inorganic or prepare not know organic values established by IFOAM. This belajar pertanian organik observation needs to be clarified in order not to disappoint the yet to come.
The basic values of organic farming formulated by IFOAM, the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM, 1992) gardening of organic crops necessity know the chuck - chuck as follows:

1. Environment
Location of the patch be supposed to be unbound from contamination of insincere supplies. Because the organic crop be supposed to not be adjacent to crop work false fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals so as to are not tolerable. Land so as to was grimy (intensification) can be used but it is obligatory conversions used for 2 years by management based on the values of organic undeveloped.
2. Plant Material
Varieties full-fledged be supposed to be adapted well in the regions concerned, and nix downbeat shock on the milieu.
3. Planting Pattern
The cropping pattern be supposed to be high and dry in the values of soil and dampen conservation, environmental friendliness on the subject of sustainable farming
4. Fertilization and lodge growth supervisor
Organic material as a compost is as follows:
- Derived from the patch or outside in the gardens cultivated organically
- Manure, droppings crop residues, countrified muck, straw, mulch other innate urine, sampak city (compost) and other organic be relevant as long as it is not grimy with insincere chemicals or toxic substances.

- Artificial fertilizers (mineral)
- Urea, ZA, SP36 / TSP and KCl, be supposed to not be used
- K2SO4 (potassium sulphate) can be used a highest of 40 kg / ha; lime, Kieserite, dolomite, phosphate rock can be used
- All growth supervisor can not be used
5. Management of Pest Organisms
- All false pesticides (chemicals) be supposed to not be used, but as permitted and registered by the IFOAM
- Biological pesticide tolerable

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